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Salmonellosis is normally transmitted through food contaminated by Salmonella, and can cause a clinical picture of severe diarrhea, vomiting and high fever. However, it is a preventable disease.
We give you some tips to avoid contagion of salmonellosis and we also explain what its treatment consists of if your child has been infected.
The transmission of salmonella is carried out by consumption of contaminated food of animal origin, mainly birds, eggs, cattle and pigs or, more rarely, from person to person, especially in day care centers and hospitals (in the case of a case detected in day care, must be communicated in the nursery so that isolation measures are taken). It predominates in the summer and autumn months.
But how can it be prevented ?:
1. Cook food well. These bacteria are most commonly found in animal products and can be killed by the heat of cooking or baking. Heating in the microwave is not a reliable method of killing bacteria.
2. Prevent your child from eating any raw meat or undercooked eggs, and be extremely careful with foods such as Caesar salad, tiramisu, homemade ice cream, mayonnaise, frostings, cookie dough ... they can take raw egg. Salmonella Bacteria can contaminate even intact and disinfected eggs. Cook them well and avoid serving them poached.
3. Clean cooking surfaces regularly. Salmonellosis can also spread through cross contamination, so when you are preparing meals, keep raw meats away from cooked and ready-to-eat foods. Wash your hands, cutting boards, counters, and knives thoroughly after handling raw foods.
4. Avoid keeping reptiles as pets (turtles, iguanas ..)especially if you have very young children. If you have them, wash your hands very well every time you handle these types of animals.
5. Wash your hands very well. Teach children to wash their hands, especially after using the bathroom and before handling food in any way.
6. Keep food refrigerated. Do not leave cooked food for more than 2 hours without refrigeration (1 hour on a hot day). Also, keep your refrigerator set below 40 ° F (4.4 ° C).
If your child has salmonellosis and a healthy immune system, the doctor can allow the infection to pass without giving any medication. But if your child has a fever, headache, or bloody diarrhea, call the doctor to rule out any other problems.
If your child is infected and has a fever, you may want to give acetaminophen to lower his temperature and relieve cramps. As with any infection that causes diarrhea, it is important to give your child plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
You can read more articles similar to Prevention and treatment of childhood salmonellosis, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.