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Otitis is an inflammation of the middle ear that occurs frequently in children who have accumulated mucus as a result of a cold. It is usually preceded by a cold, the flu, or any other upper respiratory condition with mucus.
TheDr. Gracia Aránguez, D.R.L. member of the Committee of experts of the program for the Early Detection of Hearing Loss in Newborns of the Community of Madrid. Coordinator of this program and of the cochlear implant program at the Gregorio Marañón General University Hospital, she talks about infantile otitis and how this condition can cause hearing problems in babies and children.
1. What is infantile otitis?
Infant otitis is that inflammation of the ear that can sometimes suppurate and that sometimes causes hearing loss and sometimes the discharge of suppuration, the ear hurts when mucus begins to accumulate inside the ear that is why we know that there is otitis that They cause pain and the ear begins to ooze and stop hurting but parents are concerned that over and over again this will happen again, then those are the forms of otitis that we must be more exaggerated in the treatment or care of our child.
2. At what age does childhood otitis begin to affect?
Infant otitis usually affects at an early stage, in the preschool stage I would say, when the child begins to go to kindergarten, in that first stage and once the mother's immunity is lost, she is in contact with other children who in turn They have small infections and that such direct contact with other children makes it easier for you to sometimes have those otitis so often.
3. What can parents do to prevent otitis?
To prevent otitis in children, parents always have to be careful with hygiene and food. It is important to eat a rich and varied diet, especially with vitamin C, which is what is found in fruits, it is a normal diet every day. Therefore, hygiene in children is very important. Having the nose uncovered, not having mucus in the nose, having the nails very well trimmed because the child sometimes bothers the ear, it touches itself and that little mucus that the ear has can be over-infected with the germs that are underneath of nails. That is, all hygiene in a child in the field of the respiratory tract, the hands, everything is compromised and we all have to be careful.
4. When can a cold cause infant ear infection?
A cold does not always have to cause a childhood otitis, the respiratory tract has a mucosa that continues with that of the ear tube and sometimes because of that continuity we can have an otitis but if we are cautious and we stop that cold first hand, not always has to continue with that otitis. Then we will have to give him his abundant fluids, his diet rich in vitamins, we will have to clean those nostrils very well, that the child does not have mucus continuously, and we will have to give him that varied diet and make him swallow continuously to facilitate the drainage through the tube of mucus that may accumulate and that does not follow later in acute otitis media.
5. What consequences can otitis have on a child?
Otitis in a child if we treat it well and early should not have any repercussions. If we do not treat otitis, if we do not put the appropriate measures we can cause hearing loss, and this leads to an alteration of language and even learning. A child must be taken to the best possible conditions for learning naturally. Hearing is something that we let in naturally, we are hearing naturally. We do not have to strain to hear, but if a child has hearing loss due to otitis, they have to pay more attention, the child is incapable and that leads to a learning delay. Sometimes they are those children who at school tell us because they seem to be distracted, because they do not attend and in reality what they have is a serous otitis at best that is preventing them from hearing well and the child stops paying attention, because he does not find out well, because he is bored in class and it is a consequence of having an otitis behind.
6. How can parents avoid discomfort in the baby's ear on the plane?
When a parent travels with a baby on the plane, he must ensure that when the plane is going up and especially when going down, the child is making the ear horn work. When we swallow, the ear tube opens and the pressures equalize, so if when we go with the baby we put a bottle, a little water, even in very small children if the breast is necessary so that he sucks that. It can make it easier for him to make that pressure game through the trunk and not have pain, because sometimes the baby starts crying when we are on a flight and we do not know what it is due to, because many times it is because that pressure game in children is more difficult and we must facilitate it this way.
7. How can parents tell if otitis causes hearing problems in their child?
If we have heard before how the evolutionary development of a child has been or how it should be and parents have noticed that at some point it seems that hearing decreases not continuously because an ear with otitis seosa hearing is not lost continuously, when A child has a more important hearing loss problem if, but it is fluctuating, it seems that one day the child takes care of me better another day worse and you suspect that your child may have otitis, what we call a serous otitis that is mucus inside the I hate for malfunctioning of the tube, which is the most common thing in a child due to its anatomical disposition, because what we have to do is make sure that it swallows as little sips as possible to facilitate that opening of the tube and notice that feeling of relief . If we see that the child after swallowing for a while, after swallowing is more reactive to sound, it is much better, it is very possible that it is because behind it has this malfunction of the ear tube that leads to accumulate mucus inside the ear. hearing.
You can read more articles similar to What to do if the baby or child has otitis, in the On-Site Ear Care category.