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Communication between parents and children begins with a simple hug, with a sweet word from the mother's mouth, or a reciprocated look. In the last trimester of pregnancy, the baby is already capable of hearing our voice and responding nervously or calmly to external stimuli: noise, music, voice, light or movement.
Verbal language is the last and most complex of communicative achievements How many times would we give something because our son could tell us the cause of his crying?
Our son's first attempts to communicate are crying, babbling, and smiling. The final goal we aspire to is verbal language, since with it begins a very important phase in the social adaptation and learning of our child. Therefore, parents should be the first to try to stimulate the baby's language. To make your task easier, we propose some guidelines taken from an article by Juana Lorente, speech therapist:
- Enhance imitation: Initially, babies imitate the gestures, movements or sounds of their parents, so we must take advantage of this natural inclination by inciting the movement of the organs that intervene in phonation: lips, tongue, oral opening, air release. Resources can be used such as: make snouts, give kisses, blow with straws or toys, play to make faces (laugh, fright, cry, surprise ...)
- Address the child using short words (1 or 2 syllables) such as: 'take, give me, come ...', repeat them clearly and exaggerating the intonation. Increase vocabulary progressively
- Subsequently, use short and simple phrases, associated with frequent actions: 'mother bathes María', 'María drinks milk'.
- Already from the age of two, children can be stimulated to speak through learning and frequent listening to songs, verses, stories, riddles, etc. that enhance their language and memory.
- Stimulate the spontaneous expression of language taking advantage of any daily circumstance: going to the park, to grandmother's house, to shopping, etc .; ask closed questions that are answered with a yes or no; give him the opportunity to speak, respecting his rhythm and rewarding his achievements with praise; encourage him to ask for things verbally, not gesturally.
- Finally, seek to meet other children and perform activities or sports aimed at improving their psychomotor skills (orientation, balance, motor precision) such as modeling clay, drawing, playing with sand, etc.
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